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ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY IN TURKEY

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Turkey,Jaw Fracture Surgery in Turkey,Orthognatic Surgery,TMJ Surgery,Cleft Lip and Palate Repair Surgery,Salivary Gland Surgery

JAW FRACTURES (FRACTURE OF MANDIBULA)

Jaw fractures are related to trauma and generally occur after beating, falling from height and traffic accidents. Jaw fractures manifest itself with symptoms such as pain in jaw movements and swelling in the fracture area, if the teeth do not sit properly.

The patient, who is thought to have a jaw fracture, may be asked for radiological examinations to see the localization and full shape of the fracture after being examined with the hand and eye by the specialist. After determining the localization of the jaw fracture, the operation of the patient is decided according to the location and degree of the fracture. The surgery can be performed within 1-2 days or on the same day, depending on the general condition of the patient.

The other technique is the technique where the fracture line is surgically corrected with incisions made through the mouth or under the jaw, depending on the location of the fracture, and fixed with titanium plates and screws to ensure that the teeth fit together while correcting.

ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY 

Orthognathic surgery is the name of the combined procedure in which the jaws are brought to their correct positions by surgery in addition to orthodontic treatment in skeletal disorders where orthodontic treatment alone is not sufficient to create a more aesthetic appearance on the face.

In cases where dental disorders are accompanied by jaw disorders, wire treatment alone is not sufficient, jaw surgery may also be required. The lower or upper jaw surgery planned by the orthodontist should only be performed by oral, dental and maxillofacial surgeons and plastic surgeons specialized in this field.

Orthognathic surgical treatment is a surgical treatment for patients who are not satisfied with their facial appearance. In adult patients whose growth and development period is over, incorrect jaw positions cannot be corrected only with orthodontic treatment (wire treatment). Surgical intervention is required for the patient along with wire treatment. Due to the awareness of the society and technological advances, orthognathic surgical treatment is becoming more and more common.

Correct alignment of the teeth can be achieved with orthodontic or orthopedic treatment. Relations between the jaws can also be corrected up to a limit. However, in some cases, orthodontic treatment is insufficient. In such cases, a maxillofacial surgeon can work with the orthodontist to correct a severe anomaly with a surgical method. Nowadays, orthognathic surgical treatment is becoming more widespread with increasing aesthetic concerns.

TMJ SURGERY

Joint muscle in our jaw; Any problem caused by the complex structure of fibers, discs and bones not working properly is called "jaw joint disorder".

It is that the ligament that joins the upper and lower jaws does not work properly. This ligament is one of the most complex joints in the body and is responsible for the movement of the lower jaw forward, backward and sideways. This muscle; Any problem caused by the complex structure of fibers, discs and bones not working properly is called jaw joint disease.

The symptoms are; severe headaches similar to migraine, ringing in the ears, squeaking, clicking, clicking sound when opening and closing your mouth, limited opening, locking or dislodgement of the jaw, pain or stiffness in the neck, dizziness, fainting, pain when chewing, facial pain, pain when covering teeth on top of each other, fatigue in the chin while chewing, difficulty and pain when yawning or chewing gum and asymmetry on face.

The reasons are; lack of teeth, damage to TMJ as a result of a car accident, fall or crash, opening the mouth too much, overload on TMJ as a result of the habit of clenching teeth or grinding, dislocation of the disc stress and tension causing spasm in chewing muscles, malfunction in the closing of the teeth (malocclusion), making crowns-bridges and fillings incompatible and high TMJ arthritis, tumors.

It can be corrected by surgical intervention.

CLEFT LIP AND PALATE

It is a type of disease that arises from the unification of the structures on the face of the baby due to some reasons that develop while in the womb. It is known as rabbit lip among the people.

Cleft Lip and Palate and Causes While babies with cleft lip and palate are in the mother's womb, the parts that can form the palate due to circulatory disorders in the lip and palate area cannot be correctly combined and cleft palate occurs.

There is no single cause of congenital anomalies in cleft lip and palate. It can be caused by many reasons such as consanguineous marriages, smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy, viral infections, vitamin deficiencies, and some genetic factors.Babies with congenital cleft lip and palate may not look good due to the posture of the baby while in the womb. Because of this reason cleft lip and palate disease may not always be detected. However, it can be understood whether the mother has a cleft lip and palate after the ultrasound in the third month and after her pregnancy. In this case, cleft lip and palate can be detected on ultrasound.

It is very important to perform cleft lip and palate surgery at the earliest period determined by a specialist.Babies with cleft palate based on weight and values ​​as a result of all examinations requested and performed by a specialist It can be operated between and 12 months. Nutrition is very important in babies with cleft lip and palate.

In babies with cleft lip and palate, parents should investigate all the details about cleft lip and palate treatment in this process. It is very important to perform a surgical operation on cleft lip and palate until the baby is 1.5-2 years old, babies with cleft can be operated on the basis of weight and values ​​as a result of all examinations requested and performed by a specialist physician. Nutrition is very important in babies with cleft lip and palate.

SALIVARY GLAND SURGERY

Salivary glands are found in 4 regions, namely under the chin (submandibular), in the tongue horse (sublingual), the anterior ear (parotid) and from the mucosa to the larynx, and also in many places in the mouth. The most common diseases of the salivary glands are salivary gland stones, tumors and salivary gland infections.

What are the Types of Salivary Gland Surgery?

Salivary gland surgery is performed in two ways, in front of the ear and under the chin. After the examination of the patient, the type of surgery is decided according to the type of the disease and the operation is performed under general or local anesthesia. Anterior salivary gland surgeries are generally diseases caused by tumors, stones and infections, and 80% of them are generally benign. The most important feature of these glands is the presence of nerves reaching the skull and facial area and the need for this surgery to be performed carefully. Because the tumors in these glands can progress to facial paralysis. There are two salivary glands under the jaw, the function of these glands is to regulate the bacteria in the mouth and to help digestion, and also to prevent tooth decay.

After the operation, the patient usually stays in the clinic for 1 day. This period is important for finding drains inserted during surgery and for the patient to be under surveillance. After the patient is discharged, he / she comes to dressing at regular intervals, if there is stitches, the stitches are removed after 1 week. After 1 week, the patient can take a shower and the employees can return to work. If there is pain and antibiotic use after the operation, painkillers continue to be used. Since salivary gland surgery is not a heavy operation, patients can start walking on the same day.

 

 

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